The word "jojoba" (pronounced ho-HO-ba) refers both to the desert plant and to the extract obtained from its seed. Mature jojoba plants (simmondsia chinensis) are woody perennial bushes native to the Sonoran (or Gila) Desert of Arizona, northern Mexico and arid California. The seeds of the jojoba plant are reminiscent of coffee beans, but are far larger and their sizes and shapes are not uniform. Although jojoba oil is a wax, it is considered by many as a fixed oil.
Of more than 350,000 identified plant species, jojoba is the only one which produces significant quantities of liquid wax esters similar in composition to the natural restorative esters produced by human sebaceous glands. Jojoba seeds contain alpha, delta, and gamma tocopherols, all forms of vitamin E.
Jojoba's conditioning effects are well known and widely recognized. It soothes and restores elasticity to any dry skin area while conditioning and softening the skin. It conditions and softens cuticles and polishes fingernails. It conditions hair and scalp, prevents dryness, and restores manageability.